Workshop on MRV
Summary: Climate change is a critical priority area for Indonesia’s environmental and economic development agenda. The European Commission has commissioned a study entitled “Developing countries monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions, policies and measures”, in short the MRV Scoping Study. The objective of this scoping study is to prepare recommendations for a capacity building project to be carried out in 2011 and 2012. It is implemented by Euroconsult Mott McDonald, Ecoprogresso, the Energy research Centre of the Netherlands, Bogor Agricultural University and CERIndonesia. Workshop participants are invited to provide critical feedback, complement, delete and add to the items the project team has recollected below. The issues identified and the related recommendations are split into two categories 1) forestry + agriculture and 2) energy, industry and transportation.
MRV, NAMAs and LEDS in Indonesia: Indonesia is among the international front-runners when it comes to climate change mitigation, with the unilateral voluntary target of 26% in 2020, and 41% with international support. These reductions are to be achieved in the context of sustainable development.Sectoral policies are being identified in e.g. the Sectoral Roadmap and the National Action Plan on GHG Reduction (RAN-GRK). The actions in the latter are likely to be further “translated” into NAMAs. MRV is an integral part of these policies, however further clarity on the exact implementation is needed. An institutional structure for MRV is currently under discussion, and the exact roles of the National Climate Change Council, the Ministry of Environment, other Ministries, and lower-level governments in this context remain to be specified.
National Communication and GHG Inventory: Indonesia is about to submit its 2nd National Communication, including a GHG inventory. There seems to be a high level of confidence in the GHG inventory figures reported for certain sectors such as energy; however, for other sectors, particularly LULUCF, agriculture and waste, significant uncertainties seem to exist in both the recorded activity data and the default emissions factors that are used. There are some existing MRV capacity building programmes that aim to improve the level of confidence in LULUCF data and given the large contribution of this sector to total emissions this needs to remain a high priority. The large impact this sector is likely to have on achieving national emissions targets will make verifiable figures vital, particularly when considering multi-lateral support for mitigation. Further factors weighing on the verifiability of the national inventory are the range of reporting formats, data collection methodologies, delays in data collection and data relevance across sectors. Standardised timely reporting practices and an increased focus on the collection of specific activity data related to GHG emissions would significantly improve the reliability and quality of the national inventory. An increased mandate for data collection centres at the ministries, giving more power to proactively obtain data and verify its quality, would aid in improving data timeliness and completeness, and be an important step in the eventual implementation a formal quality assurance and quality control system. The internationally supported SIGN (national GHG emission inventory) programme is being planned to improve the current inventory.
Low Emission Development Strategy: A review of the available literature and government reports reveals 13 existing studies with possible relevance for an Indonesian Low-emission Development Strategy (LEDS) covering the national GHG inventory and mitigation actions, climate change programs and policies, and low carbon development. At this stage however none of these can be considered as a broadly accepted, government-owned LEDS. A key challenge is to align those different studies and implement the policies at the national, provincial and local level while inter-sectoral coordination is also required.