As cited from the unfccc.int page (16/3), a new report from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) said that between 2005 and 2015 natural disasters cost the agricultural sectors of developing country economies USD 96 billion in damaged or lost crop and livestock production.
As cited from the unfccc.int (5/3) page, a new report from leading medical experts reports that by fulfilling the Paris Agreement's goal of investing in low-emission technologies will save the government about USD 54 trillion in health care costs by mid-century.
As quoted from page unfccc.int January 8, 2018, a new study in Nature Climate Change says that over a quarter of the world's land will significantly dry up if the earth's temperature rises by two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels in the next three decades, the upper limit for the global average temperature rise set by nations under the Paris Climate Change Agreement.
The UNFCCC COP-23 meeting was officially commenced on 6 November 2017 at the UNFCCC Secretariat in Bonn, Germany, under the Fijian Presidency. The meeting began with a series of pre-sessional meetings on 4-6 November 2017, including the G-77 + China coordination meeting.
The momentum and negotiation process of REDD+ starts from COP 11 in Montreal in 2005 known as RED (Reducing Emission from Deforestation). Then, the process continues to COP 13 in Bali being REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Plus). It goes on until every year until the decision at COP 19 known as "Warsaw Framework for REDD+" and the publiction of Article 5 in COP 21 (Paris Agreement).
United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres and World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim were announced plans to accelerate the flow of finance for climate action through a new platform on September 20, 2017 in New York dedicated to identifying and facilitating transformational investments in developing countries.
Asia are predicted to face serious problems in the future due to climate change. This was revealed based on a report of the latest scientific research results released by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on Friday (14/07) at the ADB headquarters in Manila.
The global warming threshold of two degrees Celsius is equivalent to 450 PPM of the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. By 2015, experts estimate the volume of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has touched the number 400 PPM. The forecast has added to global concerns about the impact of global warming.
The Green Climate Fund launches “GCF 101” - a new web-based guide that provides Partners with detailed information on how to access the Fund’s resources. The guide aims to help GCF stakeholders better navigate the many elements of engaging with the Fund.
In the framework to preparation the document Third National Communication (TNC), the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) in cooperation with the UNDP / GEF and CCROM SEAP IPB conducting a vulnerability assessment, the risks and impacts of climate change. The study is located in the area of Lake Singkarak, Solok District, West Sumatra Province.
Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) held a meeting on Regulating Formulation and Strategy Implementation Regulation of Environment and Forestry 2017. The meeting was held on 22-25 January 2017 at the Hotel Santika Primer Slipi Jakarta and chaired by the Minister of Environment and Forestry, Ms Siti Nurbaya.
Conference of Parties (CoP) 22 to the UNFCCC was officially opened on Monday, November 7, 2016 in Marrakech, Morocco. The conference was held from 7-18 November 2016, with a focus on the discussion of implementation of the Paris Agreement.
Indonesia has formally ratified the Paris Agreement through Act No. 16 in 2016 and listed as a country to 89 to ratify the agreement on October 31, 2016. In addition, Indonesia also includes one of the 95 states that have passed "First Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC)" to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC ).
Yesterday (4/10/2016), The European Parliament has approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement. With that approval of the Paris Agreement ratification -in the presence of European Commission President Jean Claude Juncker, the United Nation's Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and the President of COP 21 Segolene Royal- the last hurdle is cleared. The political process for the European Union to ratify the Agreement is concluded.
Page from UNFCCC reported that, on 21 September 2016, The Republic of Moldova and Kyrgyzstan signed the Paris Agreement, bringing the total number of signatories up to 187. This follows the signing of the Paris Agreement by Malawi, Armenia, Zambia and Chile on 20 September.
In the next four decades, exploitation of natural resources will increase three-fold. These conditions will further aggravate air pollution and climate change. According to the International Resource Panel (IRP), the increasing exploitation of the earth fueled by a growing middle class in both the developed and developing countries.
Indonesia for the first time included in the ranking of countries world's in energy efficiency. Germany, Italy and Japan are the three countries most efficient in energy use. Germany occupied the first position as the most energy efficient country in 2016. Furthermore, Italy and Japan jointly ranked second.
Efficient utilizing of natural resources will reduce GHG emissions by 74%. In addition, increasing the efficient utilization of natural resources is also beneficial for the economy. This was revealed in the summary report "Resource Efficiency: Economic Potential and Implications" by the International Resource Panel (IRP), which was delivered at a meeting of the Environment Ministers G7 in Toyama, Japan, May 15, 2016.
Locally Appropriate Mitigations Actions activities in Indonesia (LAMA-I) is the cooperative beetween the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) and the Royal Danish Embassy (Danida), Denmark. LAMA-I's activities carried out on six district of the two provinces, namely Musi Rawas District, Musi Banyuasin, and Banyuasin of South Sumatra Province. Three other districts, namely Jaya Wijaya District, Jayapura and Merauke in Papua province. To assist the District in planning mitigation actions, LAMA-I's program in cooperation with ICRAF, GIZ, and CCROM SEAP - IPB. LAMA-I's activities in CoP 21 forum Paris in substance would like to convey the role of district in Indonesia in an effort to reduce CO2e emissions and participate in global emissions reduction efforts.
Indonesia’s Central Kalimantan province, a lightly populated swathe of Borneo, is a hotbed for greenhouse gases that are emitted through deforestation, family farming and industrial palm-oil production. Last year, these activities fuelled devastating fires that torched more than 400,000 hectares in the province and at least 2.5 million hectares across the developing nation. By some estimates, the fires released into the atmosphere more than twice as much carbon as Germany emits in a year.
Climate negotiations (COP 21) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in Paris on 30 November to 13 December 2015. This meeting is a historic meeting because it produces the first binding agreement (legally binding) since the Kyoto Protocol was born at the COP 3.
The nations of the world gathered on Monday (30/11/15) in Paris to reach a new and universal climate change agreement. Over 150 heads of state and government arrived at the conference venue on Monday to give their public support, the largest group of leaders ever to attend a UN event in a single day.
Long before the implementation of the Conference of Parties (COP) 21 in Paris, Indonesia has made various preparations. Starting from making the contribution of emissions reduction plan, known as the "Intended Nationally Determined Contribution" (INDC) till prepare to explain the problem of land and forest fires that have occurred.
The results of a study was conducted by the World Bank stated that global warming could add 100 million poor people around the world in the next 15 years. This condition will happen if nothing is done for greater efforts to prevent carbon emissions.
On September 18, 2015, the Ministry of Environment and Forests of Indonesia (KLHK) through the Director General of Climate Change officially launched to public two important documents in the climate change negotiations, namely the Forest References Emission Level (FREL) and Biennial Update Report (BUR). Many parties considered that the launching of the document is very strategic because for two months Indonesia will submit the documents to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The world's top development banks have pledged to increase their funding to reduce the impact of climate change. Target of $ 100 billion a year is the amount that has been promised rich nations to be transferred to developing countries before 2020.
A Gallup survey showed that the public perception of the 119 countries that are relatively prosperous unaware of the adverse effects that may arise from climate change. Only 50 percent of survey participants consider climate change as a serious threat.
Fires on peat forests secondary in the first year contribute to carbon emissions by 95.74 tons / ha. This is revealed in a study entitled "Carbon Stocks in a Variety of Forest Types and Plant Species in Indonesia" conducted by the Research Team on Center of Climate Change and Policy (Puspijak) Forestry Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Forestry.
In March, the global carbon concentration in the atmosphere has reached a record level. Since the US government began tracking the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere in the whole world, for the first time, the monthly average of global carbon dioxide have exceeded 400 parts per million (ppm).
The President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo had assured Norway that he has the same commitment to the environment as its predecessor, according to the Prime Minister of Norway told Reuters news agency. It is known that Norway has promised a grant of up to US $ 1 billion to help preserve Indonesian forests.
The condition of the ozone layer which protects the earth from ultraviolet rays are predicted to be good in the next few decades. This was revealed in a report prepared by 300 scientists, published by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Wednesday (10/9).
The team of scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) found that, the benefits derived from the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions proved to exceed the cost of the emissions cuts. This was revealed from the results of their study released Sunday (24/8). According to the researchers, the savings from healthier air condition, can cover all the costs of carbon emissions cuts.
A decade from now estimated to tropical regions of the world will face severe impacts of climate change and much earlier than the Arctic and other regions. This was revealed in a study published in the scientific journal Nature, October 9, 2013.
The number of hot spots in Riau province continues to increase in recent days. Saturday (19/7) the number of hotspots detected is 75 points, then increased to 154 points on Sunday (20/7). Terra and Aqua satellites are detecting 417 hotspots in Riau Province on Monday (07/21/2014).
Dutch allocate funding of EUR 50 million (arround 700 billion) as a form of cooperation with Indonesia in developing renewable energy. The grant is used to increase the capacity and energy planning, investment micro-hydro power plants in the area, as well as the development of geothermal energy and biogas energy.
Forest fires in Indonesia has increased. The depiction of NASA satellite showed hundreds of hotspots in Sumatra, Borneo, and southern Papua. Each year, fires were made by landowners to clear bush and forests for plantation crops, especially palm oil. In the dry season, fires can burn for months, spread to an area of native forest and releasing a large volume of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
UN Climate Change Talks began on August 21, 2008 held in Accra, capital of Ghana, with the headline Accra Climate Change Talks, 2008. During the week, 1,600 representatives from 160 countries will hold discussions on drafting a new climate change agreement.
Indonesia finally has a National Council on Climate Change (NCCC), after President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono signed his name at the top of the Presidential Regulation Number 46 of 2008 on the 4th of July. The National Council is chaired by the President and involved 17 departments / ministries and the Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMG). Environment minister, Rachmat Witoelar, served as executive director.
Biofuels can help reduce GHG emissions. However, the carbon payback time or 'carbon payback time' refers to the annual rate, which is a consequence of time required to compensate for the reduced emissions by replacing fossil fuels with biofuels and conversion of forests to grow biofuel crops, such as palm oil, sugar cane, and soybeans.
Domino effect of global warming continues to unfold. In workshops Media 21 Global Journalism Network organized by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), with the theme "Climate Change III: Impacts on Coastal Areas and Islands State" revealed that nearly 90% of disasters in the world is due to the effects of climate change.
Changes in land use into other ecosystems can occur if the size of cutting carbon emissions is done by reducing deforestation. This makes experts put the focus back on their priorities to protect biological diversity (biodiversity). Land use change, mostly deforestation, contributing 18-25% of total annual GHG emissions in the world. UNEP WCMC (World Conservation Monitoring Center) itself supports the idea of protection of forests through REDD (Reduction Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation). Note, however, the underlying causes of deforestation, such as the increasing demand for food, so cleansing natural ecosystems are not easily occur, which can destroy habitats therein, said Lera Miles of UNEP-WCMC.
CDM Executive Board (EB - Executive Board) has been registering a CDM project in 1000 on 14 April 2008. The project is energy efficiency that comes from India into the project to be approved by the EB-1000 with an estimated reduction of 34,000 tons of CO2 emissions per year. As is known, India is still dominating the number of CDM projects out of the total CDM projects in the world, which is about 30%.
CDM Executive Board at the 32nd meeting approved two guidelines related to Programmatic CDM, namely the "Guidance on the registration of project activities under a program of activities as a single CDM project activity (version 02)" and "Procedures for registration of a program of activities as a single CDM project activity and issuance of certified emission reductions for a program of activities (version 01)".
In March 2007, BMG has published a prediction of drought in 2007 which explains that the early dry season in most of the ZPI (Zone Climate Prediction) will take place between April and June 2007 with the properties of normal to below normal rainfall. For non ZPI areas, estimated cumulative rainfall during April - September 2007 generally ranged from 1000 to 2000 mm.
In the midst of the international spotlight on the problem of deforestation, forest fires and peatland clearance, as well as a variety of natural disasters related to climate change that occurred in recent years, Indonesia has been chosen as the host of COP 13 / MOP 3.
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