GHG Emissions Increased 90% in 2030
Bogor, May 15, 2007
Global emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere is feared to rise 25-90 percent in 2030 if there is no prevention or reduction is done from now on. As stated by the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) in the report is the third in 2007 (Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of Climate Change - Summary for Policy Makers). In the report mentioned that GHG emissions have increased since pre-Industrial, which is 70 per cent occurred between the years 1970-2004. The increase in carbon dioxide (CO2) alone reached 80 percent during the period, in which the energy and industrial sectors experiencing the largest increases.
Report of Working Group III which was released this past May 4, describes alternative strategies to mitigate climate change from a variety of sectors covering aspects of scientific, technological, environmental, economic and social. In the energy sector, the IPCC suggests increasing energy efficiency and fuel switching coal to gas, nuclear energy, or renewable energy. Some options strategies in the industrial sector that can be done is to use more efficient electrical appliances, recovery (recovery) of heat and energy, as well as the use of the substance/ material recycling and substitution character. Application of technology for the future (10-20 years), mentioned in the report include Carbon Capture and Storage technology (CCS), nuclear energy and the development of renewable energy, the manufacture of hybrid vehicles and electric vehicles, and aircraft with higher efficiency. In other sectors such as transport, buildings, agriculture, forestry, and waste are also provided alternative strategies so that the reduction of GHG emissions in the atmosphere can be achieved.
The IPCC suggests the policy makers /governments around the world to take strategic steps both short and long term emissions to limit spending. In terms of economics, to perform a variety of mitigation strategies and the implementation of other technologies is spent no small investment, but financial losses due to climate change in the future it will be great. For it is expected that each country can implement mitigation strategies, including their share of the technology developed countries to developing countries.
The full reportClimate Change 2007: Mitigation of Climate Changecan be downloaded inhttp://www.ipcc.ch/SPM040507.pdf