Indonesia Ready to Raise the Emission Reduction Target to 29 Percent
Bogor, November 27, 2015
Long before the implementation of the Conference of Parties (COP) 21 in Paris, Indonesia has made various preparations. Starting from making the contribution of emissions reduction plan, known as the "Intended Nationally Determined Contribution" (INDC) till prepare to explain the problem of land and forest fires that have occurred.
Presidential Special Envoy for Climate Change, Rahmat Witoelar said that INDC document will be presented at COP 21 Paris later expressed the readiness of Indonesia to raise the target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the previous 26% to 29% in 2030. Indonesia wants the adaptation and mitigation balanced. According to Witoelar, two things are becoming superiorities of Indonesia because INDC other countries prioritize mitigation, not adaptation.
"For a target of 26 percent by the year 2020 we are on target schedule. The target of 29 percent is intended for 2030. We will avoid a new land clearing", he said.
One other important part in INDC document that will be presented later in the COP 21 Paris is Indonesia's intention to make indigenous peoples as an important factor in addressing climate change. Indonesia wants to empower indigenous peoples, Witoelar added.
"To maintain the forests, the most effective that the local indigenous people are empowered, given the widest opportunity for the things their most clever," he added.
Furthermore, the former environment minister said that in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the Indonesian government not only focus on the forestry sector but also energy and natural resources. The government, added, will gradually reduce the use of coal for electricity generation. Coal is one of the largest contributors of greenhouse gas emissions. The hope in the future of coal can be replaced with renewable energy or geothermal.
Regarding the readiness of Indonesia to explain the problem of forest and land fires which caused widespread smog to Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand, Rahmat Witoelar confirmed its readiness.
"No problem, we did not need to fear. We are not wrong because we are well-known El Nino, several of countries, they are also experience," he said.
Based on data from the World Resources Institute (WRI), emissions from forest and land fires this year has reached 1.043 million tons equivalent or already higher than fossil fuel emissions produced by Germany and the Netherlands in 2013. Meanwhile, compared with the national emission figures year 2015 made by the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas), the number has reached 1.636 million tons of CO2.
Emissions from forest and land fires in several areas of Indonesia since July-September 2015 has reached 63.7 percent of the national emissions figures, which is 18 percent include emissions from peat fires.
Source: voaindonesia.com (271115)