Blue Carbon Becomes A New Hope to Reduce Emissions
Bogor, August 9, 2016
A study conducted by Alongi, et al., (2016) noted that, seagrass beds and mangroves in Indonesia save 3.4 Pg C, or about 17% of blue carbon in the world's. But unfortunately, this coastal ecosystems overlooked and relatively high level of damage.
Indonesia has 22.6% of the total mangrove forest in the world (Miteva, Murray and Pattanayak, 2015). West Papua is a province that has the largest mangrove forest (70%) of the mangrove forests in Indonesia.
Since 2014, Conservation International (CI) Indonesia together with partners has initiated blue carbon in Kaimana district, West Papua Province that has an area of 50,575.52 ha of mangrove forests. This initiative is an effort to support the sustainability of people's livelihood and to integrate blue carbon in policy and management decisions for sustainable financing water conservation in Kaimana. This initiative as well as support the Indonesian Government's commitment in curbing climate change. CI Indonesia also conduct a study about carbon stock in Arguni's bay, Kaimana, as a scientific reference base in program design.
"Carbon stock studies conducted in Arguni 2016 recorded an average total of carbon storage about 717 Mg C per hectare, equivalent to 2,631 Mg CO2 per hectare. The amount of carbon stored in the region similar to the use of 1,120,671 liters of gasoline, 34.8 truck gas tank, and 1,281,849 kg of coal combustion. This finding confirms the importance of conservation efforts, including mangrove coastal area," said Victor Nikijuluw, CI Indonesia Marine Program Director.
Victor Nikijuluw adding that CI Indonesia's conducted the initiatives at various levels, from district to national level. In Kaimana district, CI Indonesia supports local government in increasing the number of mangrove conservation area to support the livelihood of the community, for example through sustainable mangrove crab cultivation. At the national level, CI Indonesia supports the development of blue carbon initiative with the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF).
Head of Sub Directorate Structuring of Conservation Area, Directorate General of Sea Space Management - MMAF, Andi Rusandi, welcoming the positive initiatives undertaken these blue carbon. It hoped that the draft program initiative is not only targeting blue carbon emission reductions but also provide direct benefits to the community. He also expected that "the successful of these blue carbon initiative can be replicated and adopted into other areas in West Papua and other regions in Indonesia to support the preservation of nature as well as Government's commitment in reducing emissions," he concluded.
Source: hijauku.com (260716 - Written by Rony Megawanto - Marine Policy Manager, Conservation International Indonesia)