The Negotiations Result from COP 23
Bogor, December 21, 2017
The UNFCCC COP-23 meeting was officially commenced on 6 November 2017 at the UNFCCC Secretariat in Bonn, Germany, under the Fijian Presidency. The meeting began with a series of pre-sessional meetings on 4-6 November 2017, including the G-77 + China coordination meeting.
According to Ibu Nur Masripatin as National Focal Point for the UNFCCC said that the main meetings and activities followed by the Indonesian Delegation include (i) the 23rd meeting of the Parties to the UNFCCC Convention (COP 23); (ii) the 13th meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol / KP (CMP 13); (iii) the second meeting of the parties' sections on the Paris Agreement / PA (CMA 1-2); (iv) the 47th meeting of the Subsidiary Body of Implementation (SBI 47); (v) high-level event on climate action; (vi) the 47th meeting of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 47), 6-15 November 2017; (vii) the 4th meeting of the Ad-Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA 1-3), 7-15 November 2017; and (viii) the Indonesian Pavilion.
Opening session on November 6, 2017, President of COP-22 (Morocco) hands over the COP Presidency's mandate to COP-23 President that is Prime Minister of Fiji, Y.M. Frank Bainimarama. According to Mrs. Nur, the main issues of concern to the President of the COP 23 are the progress of the Paris Agreement's operationalization through the preparation of modalities, procedures and guidelines on various elements of the PA; Finalization the preparation of Global Facilitative Dialogue (GFD) on 2018, enhancing developing country access to means of implementation, including adaptation finance; and increasing the role of non-state actors in climate actions (note: in this case the new agenda of SBTSA is about local communities and indigenous peoples).
During the first week of the COP 23, Achmad Gunawan, one of the lead negotiators for Technologi and Capacity Building, said that a number of progress have been achieved, including: (i) Draft text for the agenda Review of the effective implementation of the Climate Technology Center and Network; (ii) draft conclusions for 4 agendas: Report of the SBSTA, Report of the SBI, Reporting from and review of Parties included in Annex I to the Convention; and (iii) Budget programme for the biennium 2018-2019.
Furthermore, Gunawan said that, the 13th CMP meeting of the first week, has achieved a number of progress including: (i) Draft text for the Matters relating to the clean development mechanism (CDM) agenda and the Report of the Adaptation Fund Board agenda; (ii) draft conclusions for the budgetary the biennium agenda 2018-2019.
According to Mr. Joko Prihatno as chairman of the discussion negotiations related to the Methodology, said that the 47th session of SBSTA in the first week, has achieved a number of progress including the draft text for 6 agenda (Nairobi Work Program, joint annual report of the technology executive committee, Technology framework, research and systematic observation, emissions from fuel used for international aviation and maritime transport, local communities and indigenous peoples platforms, informal notes for the agenda of the Report Adaption Committee and the agenda of Article 6 of Paris Agreement, Reflection Note for the Response Measure agenda, Draft conclusions for common agenda metrics to calculate the carbon dioxide equivalence of greenhouse gases.
According to Mrs. Sri Tantri as Director of Adaptation of Climate Change DJPPI that many following Adaptation issues said that the 47th session of SBI in the first week has been achieved several progress such as: Draft text for 9 agenda (Compilation and synthesis of second biennial reports, Work of the Consultative Group of Experts of Natcomm from Parties not included in Annex I, Provision of financial and technical support, common time frames for NDC, Coordination support for the implementation of activities in relation to mitigation actions in the forest sector by developing countries, Matters relating to the least developed countries, Poznan strategic program on technology transfers, Third Review of the Adaptation Fund, Annual technical progress report of the Paris Committee of Capacity Building, Way enhancing the implementation of education, training, public awareness, public participation and access) and Reflection Note for agenda items Modalities, work programme and functions response measure.
According to Mrs. Emma Rachmawaty as Director of Climate Change Mitigation DJPPI who attended the APA's meeting said that the APA's meeting 1.4 in the first week, has achieved a number of progress such as the resulting (i) Informal Note for agenda items Further guidance in relation to the adaptation communication; and (ii) the agenda of the Preparing for the convention of the first session of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA).
In substantive negotiations, Ibu Nur further explained that in each agenda related to "rule book / implementation guidelines" there are a number of issues to be solved on the remaining time available, especially the position of countries that are members of Like Minded Developing Countries (LMDC) which is driven by China, India and Arab countries (on 2017, the Chairman is Iran). Issues and discussions are evolving that lead to renegotiation of the Paris Agreement and developed countries are sluggish to meet its commitment / mandate Paris Agreement concerning means of implementation (finance, transfer technology and capacity building).
In addition, Ibu Nur also provides results of monitoring of the ratification of the Paris Agreement. She pointed out that with the entry of Syria into the Paris Agreement, the USA would be the only country outside the Paris Agreement if the PA's decisions were realized on time. What is encouraging is the statement of State, Private and the great figures of the USA either through Pavilion or related forums and bilateral meetings (e.g. Members of Parliament) with various states party to the convention. They stated that they would remain committed to implementing the Paris Agreement. The USA Delegation's slogan on COP-23 is "We are still in".